The sanctified place of Buddhism, where Lord Buddha was born and where they received education, preaching about 'knowledge' and 'Nirvana', those holy places are famed as Buddhist circuits. These are the spiritual houses or monasteries of the Buddhist religion. Religious temples and holy shrines, where followers of Buddhism themselves connect with Lord Buddha's teachings. The Buddhist pilgrimage has evolved not only as followers of Buddhism but also for other people as tourist centers.
Buddhist circuits are located in Bodh Gaya, Vaishali and Rajgir in Bihar, Sarnath in Varanasi, Shravasti and Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh. These are the main pilgrimage centers for all the Buddhists in India.
Bodhgaya: Bodh Gaya, situated in Bihar, is the place where Prince Siddhartha received knowledge under the Bodhi Vriksha. After 49 days of meditation in Bodhgaya, Siddhartha was then known as Lord Buddha. Important tourist attractions in Bodh Gaya include Bodh Vriksha (Peepal tree), Mahabodhi temple, Things donated by King Ashok are The Throne, Mukhchalda Lake, Animeshalochana Chaitya and some other sacred trees like the Chakranam Path, Ratnagar, the Ajpal Harden Tree. State Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Japan, Thailand etc.are the places across the globe that also have many monasteries established by followers of Buddhism. Therefore, it is a major attraction for foreign tourists.
Sarnath: Sarnath is the place where Lord Buddha preached his first sermon. Lord Buddha gave his first precept after receiving knowledge. Sarnath is about 10 km from the city of Varanasi. The main religious place on the distance is In order to promote his new theory, Buddha established his first organization of disciples in Sarnath. The emblem of Ashoka, the symbol of India's pride in Sarnath, the famous Lion pillar or Ashoka Pillar is also constructed there. You can also see the Chowkandi Stupa, Radhagund Kuti Vihar and Sarnath Math.
Kushinagar: Kushinagar is located in Gorakhpur district of east Uttar Pradesh, India. Kushi Nagar is situated on Kapilvastu Marg, this is the place where Lord Buddha died from illness in 543 BC. It is said that the relics of Lord Buddha's mortal body were distributed among king Ashok and more than 80,000 stupas in his kingdom. Buddha statues sitting in a mud-stamped stupa and red sandstone in Kushinagar are famous places to visit. The Thai Temple, Chinese Temple, Japanese Temple, Mahanirvana Temple, etc. are the main attractions of Kushinagar. Kushinagar is the place where Lord Buddha was detached from this world.
Vaishali: Vaishali is the place where Lord Buddha gave his last sermon. Vaishali Location 60 km from Patna, capital of Bihar. It is said that Lord Buddha had told his disciple Anand about his imminent death. This place is also known for the second Buddhist council, which took place after 110 years.
Rajgir: Rajgir is situated about 70 kilometers from Bodh Gaya, the place where Lord Buddha had brought the monsoon after long 12 years. While disseminating his theory, he preached about the rules of Lotus Sutra and Pandya principles. In the Rajgir palace there was Ghritakkoot hill. The first Buddhist committee was organized in the Saptankarni caves on the Vaibhav Mountain in Rajgir. After the death of Lord Buddha, his teachings got compiled and he was promoted in the committee. Another important site for travel in Rajgir is Nalanda's world famous university.
Shravasti: Buddha used to spend time in Shravasti during the rainy seasons. Shravasti is located about 150 kilometers from Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh and this is the place where Buddha gave his sermons.
Lumbini: Rupnadehi of Lumbini Nepal is a place in the district where Lord Buddha was born. Today, Lumbini has become a major Buddhist pilgrimage center. Being a neighboring country, Lumbini is also included in Buddhist pilgrimage centers in India, by the tourist operaters.
Lumbini → Bodhgaya → Saranath → Kushinagar
From Lumbini in Nepal, where Lord Buddha was born. Bodhgaya, where he attained enlightenment, Sarnath, where he preached and Kushinagar, where he was emancipated.
In July 2014, Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley announced that the routes and areas covering the important Buddhist sites of the country, popularly called Buddhist Circuits, will be developed in a high class tourism hub with all modern facilities. Its main objective is to attract more tourists from around the world and to increase tourism industry development. This is considered a great initiative by tour operators, with a great hope.
In the past, the tourism department of UP and Bihar had taken several measures to promote tourism, but it failed. Most tourists just like to travel to Bodhgaya and Sarnath, while other Buddhist sites were neglected. According to studies, modern-day tourists have high-spending capacit