Sarnath Temple is situated in the north India state. Sarnath Temple is considered as a sacred place where Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon to his five disciples when he was preaching about the middle path for attaining Nirvana. Realizing such divinity of the place, the great ruler Ashoka took up the responsibility to construct some of the finest gravestones and traditions in the 3rd century B.C here in Sarnath. Sarnath has been one of the world famous Buddhist sites in Varanasi. Lord Buddha exhorts his first sermon at a deer park. The exhortation is known as Dhammachakkapavattana or setting in motions the Wheel of Law in Buddhism. Sarnath slowly and gradually became one of the greatest centres of Buddhism. The Great Emperor Ashoka built magnificent stupas and structures in Sarnath. The Chinese scholar Huien Tsang who visited Sarnath studied and wrote about the charm and elegance of the city.
In 1836, this place was rediscovered and scrapped. It is one of the holiest sites that attract believers and visitors from all over the world. The believers visit Sarnath to pay respect to the great teacher i.e, Lord Buddha and to attain spiritual perfection and peace.
Buddha's first ever speech, delivered here at Sarnath, is known to be in Pali as the Dhammacakkhapavathana Stupa. Other Stupas in Sarnath include the Anattalakhana Stupa and the Saccavibhanga Stupa. Lord Buddha's main teaching after his enlightenment focused on the Four Noble Truths which involves the meaning of life and even the Noble Eightfold Path which is focused about the right way to live.
The Great Teacher Buddha spent the monsoon season in Sarnath at the Mulagandhakuti Vihara. Buddhism flourished and cherished in Sarnath smoothly because of the assistance of the kings and wealthy merchants based in the nearby areas and Varanasi. By the 3rd century, Sarnath had become an important and functional centre for the arts, which reached its crest during the Gupta period which is from the 4th to the 6th century AD.
When Hsuan Tsang visited from China in the 7th century, he found about 30 monasteries and 3000 monks and priests living at Sarnath.
Sarnath became an important centre of the Sammatiya school of Buddhism, one of the Nikaya or say Hinayana schools. The existence of the images of Heruka and Tara indicate that Vajrayana Buddhism was also practised here.
In the 12th century’s end, Sarnath was demolished by the Turkish Muslims. Long ago after achieving the enlightenment at Bodhgaya, Lord Buddha went to Sarnath. In Sarnath, the cascade of the Buddha's teaching first flourished. Then here at this place, Buddha came across the five men who had been his companions of earlier rigours. The Deer Park, in Sarnath, is where Buddha delivered his very first sermon or to be precise in religious language, set in motion the Wheel of Law which is the Maha-Dharmachakra Pravartan. Emperor Ashoka, who spread Lord Buddha's message of love and compassion throughout his vast empire, visited Sarnath around 234 BC and built a stupa here. The massive monastery constructed during the Muslim rule was called Dharma-Chakra-Jina Vihar. This monastery was constructed by Kumardevi, the wife of King Govinda Chandra, who ruled over Banaras from 1114 to 1154. In 1194 AD, Qutb-ud-din-Aibak, the Muslim conqueror, brought down the city to the ground. Sarnath became a forest of trash below which the historical relics remained buried. Many Buddhist structures were raised at Sarnath between the 3rd century BC and the 11th century